Egypt

Area: 998.002 Km²
Population: 69.537.000 (2001 est.)
Density: 70 pop/Km²

System of government: Presidential Republic
Capital: Cairo (6.500.000 pop., 13.000.000 urban aggl.)
Major cities: Alexandria 3.585.000 pop., Al Jizah 2.200.000 pop., Shubra el-Khema 710.000 pop., Port Said 400.000 pop.
Ethnic majority: Arab 85%, Bedouins, Nubian, Berbers and others 15%
Border countries: Libya WEST, Sudan SOUTH, Israel and Gaza Strip (Palestine) EAST

Principal mountains: Jabal Katrina 2637 m
Principal rivers: Nile 1550 Km (egyptian tract, total 6671 Km)
Principal lakes: Nasser 5500 Km² (artificial)
Principal islands: Jazirat Shadwan
Climate: Mediterranean - arid

Language: Arabic (official), Arab-egyptian dialect, English, French
Religion: Sunni Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian 7%
Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)


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