Sudan

Area: 2.503.883 Km²
Population: 36.080.000 (2001 est.)
Density: 14 pop/Km²

System of government: Presidential Republic
Capital: Khartoum (480.000 pop., 2.249.000 urban aggl.)
Major cities: Omdurman 530.000 pop., North Khartoum 345.000 pop., Port Sudan 210.000 pop.
Ethnic majority: Arab 40%, Nilotic 30%, Beja 6%, others 24%
Border countries: Egypt NORTH, Chad and Central African Republic WEST, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda SOUTH, Kenya SOUTH-EAST, Ethiopia and Eritrea EAST

Principal mountains: Kinyeti 3187 m
Principal rivers: Nile 3850 Km (sudanese tract, total 6671 Km)
Principal lakes: Khazzan ar Rusayris 450 Km²
Principal islands: Mukawwar
Climate: Tropical arid

Language: Arabic (official), Dinka, Nuet, Beja and others
Religion: Muslim 70%, Indigenous Beliefs 18%, Christian 5%
Currency: Sudanese Dinar (SDD)


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